Advanced air mobility for emergencies


Hurricanes, floods, fires, earthquakes – our planet faces many of these natural disasters every year that can quickly become emergency response and rescue efforts. NASA’s Advanced Air Mobility or AAM mission studies how AAM can help in the event of a disaster.

AAM has the potential to assist in disaster relief, assist in firefighting missions, and provide supplies to hard-to-reach areas during an emergency. It could look like a drone ferrying supplies to local homes and hospitals when a city is flooded. Potentially, it is an aerial vehicle used to rescue people stuck in a building or residential area after an earthquake that is otherwise difficult to reach. It might even look like firefighting crews using remotely piloted drones to drop fire retardant and spray water to fight fires in dangerous areas, while quickly getting people away from fires in emergency situations. emergency.

As part of the AAM mission, NASA’s Scalable Traffic Management for Emergency Response Operations, or STEReO, project is already looking at how drones can help with wildfire management. Last year, the project sent drones to several fires in California to collect thermal data about the fire for fire crews and deployed tools to track the plane in real-world conditions.

Fire crews across the state, like the California Air National Guard, are already using technology like the remotely piloted MQ-9 aircraft with infrared cameras that can hover above a fire and see through smoke. and the ashes. Several organizations also currently use helicopters for search, rescue and firefighting. The goal is to add new AAM aircraft into the mix for various uses and increase the safety of people in communities and those fighting fires.

Several projects under the AAM mission are working on different elements to help make AAM a reality in emergency operations. This includes work on automation, landing and take-off locations like vertiport and vehicle design, and airspace design to keep everyone safe while flying the skies together. It will take an effort between government agencies, industry and the public to build new highways in the sky.

NASA’s vision is to define a new safe, accessible, and affordable air transportation system alongside industry partners and the Federal Aviation Administration. Once developed, passengers and cargo will travel on demand in innovative, automated aircraft across the city, between neighboring towns, or to other locations typically accessible today by car.


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